Recently updated on November 2nd, 2018
Rights of women are one of the most important and critical issue since the civilization comes into existence. Women are the pivotal organ to cause the growth of humankind civilization. Women are always a significant section beyond the religions and societies across the countries.
Muslim Women Rights in Islam
Also known as Khawateen Ke Huqooq
Islam Mein Khawateen Ke Huqooq
Rights of Women in Islam Muslim Khawateen Ke Huqooq
Women also known as ‘Khawateen‘ and ‘Aurat‘ in Urdu across the Muslim countries
Rights of women are one of the most important and critical issue since the civilization comes into existence. Women are the pivotal organ to cause the growth of humankind civilization. Women are always a significant section beyond the religions and societies across the countries. Earlier to the emergence of Islam, perception for women was very negative, they were treated like a property or an item. In some societies, women were stripped of their basic rights of humanity. Even some Muslims have deviated from the principles and teachings of Islam regarding the general rights of women. ALLAH Zille Shanahu has always commanded and therefore in Islam Muslims are directed to treat their daughters, their wives, their sisters and their mothers with love, patience, care and justly. Women should be honored and respected. They have their due dignity. The provision of women rights speaks all about this which is mandatory for a civilization to grow. Rights of Women in Islam Muslim Khawateen Ke Huqooq
‘Polygamy’ specifically known as ‘Polygyny’
Rights of Women in Islam Muslim Khawateen Ke Huqooq
Polygamy was a contemporary activity of the ancient times devastating the entire cultures. Islam has never invented polygamy neither it promoted. The Bible says that Lamech, who is the grandson of Adam, “took unto him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.” Therefore, polygamy has existed from the earliest days in human kind.
In Islam, the ideal marriage is the monogamous form of marriage. Limited polygamy is a provision approved by Islam but only under exceptional circumstances; and that, with a number of stringent conditions to comply with. A vast portion of Muslim men is monogamous in their marriages. Those who have more than one wife they should meet certain conditions.
In Islamic Jurisprudence, men are allowed to have two, three, or at the most four wives at the same time. Islam encourages ‘Monogamy’ means,” Marry to one only”. Monogamy is the most natural prevalent form of marriage. Islam declared that men can not have more than four wives at the same time. However, there are certain mandatory terms must be followed. Men cannot have more than one unless they treat them with the same equality.
In Holy Qur’an, Verse #3 of Surah An-Nisa, ALLAH Subhanahu Wata ‘Ala says,
” If you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphans, marry women of your own choice, two or three or four; but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with them, then marry only one, or ( a captive) that your right hands possess, that will be more suitable, to prevent you from doing injustice.”
In Historical context, this verse was revealed after the battle of Uhad, when many Muslim men were died fighting for Prophet SallALLAHU Alayhe Wasallam and for Islam. They left their wives and children alone behind them. ALLAH Subhanahu Wata A’la revealed this verse for the welfare and betterment of widows and orphans. This is about a compassion towards the women. This verse of The Holy Qur’an can be further explained in reference wtih this Hadith that has been narrated by ‘Ursa’, when he asked Hazrat Aisha Radi ALLAHU ‘Anha about this verse, she said, “O my nephew! (This Verse has been revealed in connection with) an orphan girl under the guardianship of her guardian who is attracted by her wealth and beauty and intends to marry her with Mahr less than what other women of her standard deserve. So they (such guardians) have been forbidden to marry them unless they do justice to them and give them their full Mahr, and they are ordered to marry other women instead of them.”
Collected by Muhammad Al-Bukhari, Sahih Al-Bukhari
Rights of Women in Islam Muslim Khawateen Ke Huqooq
A Practice in which a woman has more than one husband. Polyandry is not allowed in Islam. Islam never permits a woman to marry more than one man. There is a legitimate reason behind this phenomena is not just to protect the progeny (offspring) but for many other wisdoms too. This is usually to protect the right of women in Islam, to know the proper lineage of the family. Even if DNA has discovered the father of the child, Islam still never granted persmission for polyandry. A women cannot fulfill the needs to two husbands at one time, for example, if she is pregnant with first husband and other husband have sexual intercourse with her then have committed the prohibition.
The Prophet SallALLAHU `Alayhi WaSallam (may ALLAH exalt His Mention) warned saying: “It is not allowed for a man who believes in ALLAH and the Last Day, to have an intercourse with a woman who is pregnant from another man.” [Ahmad and Abu-Daawood]
Basic rights provided to women in Islam for healthy life
- In Islam, a woman is privileged with the right of own choice of life partner
A women in Islam has a right to choose her life partner and to keep her ‘family name’ even after ‘Nikah‘. It is prohibited in Islam to force a woman to marry someone against her own free will. However, the condition applies here are, he must be a pious and good Muslim man. It is absolutely prohibited and Haram in Islam for her to marry a non-Muslim person. She enjoys the full rights to accept and refuse the marriage proposal of any one on the basis of reasonable legitimate grounds. It is mandatory in Islam that a woman who is marrying someone must be accompanied by a ‘Wali‘ and with his permission. All summing up to protect their rights.
It’s documented by Imaam Bukhari that the Prophet Mu’hammad SallALLAU Alayhe Wasallam said: “A previously married woman shall not be married without being consulted and a virgin shall not be married without her consent.”
Another lovely Hadith of our Beloved Prophet Mu’hammad SallALLAHU Alayhe Wasallam, ” A woman came to Him and said, my father has married me to my cousin to raise his social standing and I was forced into it. The Prophet SallALLAHU Alayhe Wasallam sent for the girl’s father and then into his presence gave the girl the option of remaining married or nullifying the marriage. She responded, O Messenger of ALLAH Peace be upon Him, I have accepted what my father did, but I wanted to show other women ( that they could hot be forced into a marriage)”.
(Ahmad, Nasa’i and Ibn Majah)
So, it has been cleared from the above Hatidh that neither the guardian nor anyone else can force a woman to marry against her own free will.
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In Islam, a woman enjoys the right of getting engaged on her own will
Engagement is a promise and confirmation to marry someone. ALLAH Subhanahu Wata ‘Ala gives a chance to the couple to get married. A chance to know each other in a very Halal way if he or she really wants to enter into a legal contract. ALLAH Subhanahu Wata ‘Ala regarding the concept of engagement says,
“And there is no sin on you if you make a hint of betrothal…”
It is narrated that our Beloved Prophet got engaged to Hazrat ‘Aisha Radi Allahu Anha for about three years. (Al-Bukhaari, Al-Nikaah, 4793).
It is stated in Al-Saheeh that He got engaged to Hafsah also. (Al-Bukhaari, Al-Nikaah, 4830).
As He said,“When any one of you proposes marriage to a woman, if he can look at that which will encourage him to go ahead and marry her, then let him do so.” (Abu Dawood, Al-Nikaah, 2082; classed as hasan by Al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 1832).
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Once the marriage proposal is accepted, an engagement ceremony is arranged to create a bonding between both the families of the couple who will be marrying. However, it is allowed in Islam to organise an engagment ceremony, but with few limitations:
- The couple is not allowed to put rings to each other because they are still strangers to one another.
- They should not consider themselves as a married couple because they are not ‘Halal’ to each other unless they will get into a marriage contract.
Furthermore, they are not allowed to meet each other in private places unless they have something righteous to discuss with them because they are still Non-Mehram(haram) to each other. If they do so, then it will count a sin according to the teachings of Islam.
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As ALLAH Subhanahu Wata ‘Ala says in The Holy Qur’an,
- “You commit no sin by announcing your engagement to the women, or keeping it secret.ALLAH knows that you will think about them. Do not meet them secretly, unless you have something righteous to discuss” [2:235]
- “You shall not commit adultery; it is a gross sin, and an evil behavior”.[17:32]
- “They can meet in the open with the consent of both the families( or in private, with righteous intention, if required).”
One may break his/her engagement on the basis of a legitimate reason. Though disliked, but this is still less less harmful than a divorce after their ‘Nikah’ in future. The hated concept.
In Islam, Women Right and Temporary marriage also known as Mut’a
‘Mut’a (an Arabic word) means pleasure, enjoyment and delight, used for temporary marriage during the lifetime of our Holy Prophet SallALLAHU Alayhe Wasallam. Mut’a is a type of marriage that is different from the permanent marriage in certain aspects.Temporary marriage is a contract in which marriage lasts for a specific period of time. After the expiry of that time period, the marriage will be expired also, however the couple can extend the period of contract with the mutual consent.
The Holy Qur’an says in this regard,
“(Except forbidden women) the rest are lawful unto you to seek them with gifts from your property (i.e., dowry), provided that you desire protection (from sin), not fornication. So for whatever you have had of pleasure (Istamta’tum) with them by the contract, give unto them their appointed wages as a duty. And there is no sin for you in what you both agree (in extending the contract) after fulfilling the (first) duty. Lo! ALLAH is ever Knower, Wise”. Qur’an 4:24)
There are certain terms that must be followed while doing a temporary marriage. There must be proper declaration and acceptance of the contract of temporary marriage.The declaration is made by the woman first, then man shows his acceptance by saying the words, ‘I accept the temporary marriage’ or ‘I am satisfied with Mut‘a’. It is not necessary for the validity of contract if a woman doesn’t employ such expressions while if a man doesn’t employ such words, then the contract will not be valid.There is not a concept of divorce in the contract of Mut’a.
There is a controversy regarding the prohibition of Mut’a marriage:
- As in the Sahih Al-Bukhari, Mut’a marriage is classed as forbidden because Hazrat Ali Radi ALLAHU Anhu said that he heard Holy Prophet SallALLAHU Alayhe Wasallam say that it is forbidden.
- As narrated by ‘Ali bin Abi Talib: “On the day of khaibar, ALLAH’s Apostle forbade the Mut’a (i.e. temporary marriage) and the eating of donkey-meat.”(Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 5, Book 59, Number 527) In another text, [[Sahih Al-Bukhari]] (Volume 9, Book 86, Number 91), Ali bin Abi Talib also said that it was forbidden.
Rights of Women in Islam for Marriage
Marriage or Nikah is a legal contract between man and woman along with certain rights and obligations for one another to seek the pleasure of ALLAH Tal’ala. There must be a mutual love between a husband and wife. Marriage is considered as an act of worship of ALLAH Ta’ala. In Islam, the love and affection between the life partners is always perceived as a part of worship. The partners must be loyal and trustworthy to one another. Looking towards each other is an act of Savaab!
A man is ordered in The Holy Qur’an, Chapter #4, Verse #34, that the men are the protectors, and providers, and maintainers of the women. Men have that responsibility but women don’t have to pay a dime from their money to support the household. If she is a millionaire and he is the garbage man, he still has to spend all from his to take care of her. It is a duty of a husband to spend on her wife and fulfill all her needs as she makes herself available to her husband.
As ALLAH Subhanahu Wata ‘Ala says,
“but the father of the child shall bear the cost of the mother’s food and clothing on a reasonable basis”
“Let the rich man spend according to his means; and the man whose resources are restricted, let him spend according to what ALLAH has given him”
It was narrated that Hazrat Aisha RaziALLAHU Anha said: “Hind bint ‘Utbah, the wife of Abu Sufiyaan, entered upon the Messenger of ALLAH (peace and blessings of ALLAH be upon him) and said, ‘O Messenger of ALLAHh, Abu Sufyaan is a stingy man who does not spend enough on me and my children, except for what I take from his wealth without his knowledge. Is there any sin on me for doing that?’ The Messenger of ALLAH(peace and blessings of ALLAH be upon him) said, ‘Take from his wealth on a reasonable basis, only what is sufficient for you and your children.’” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5049; Muslim, 1714)
The husband must have a good attitude showing politeness towards his wife and give her a due honor and respect. As ALLAH Zille Shanahu says in Holy Qur’an,
“and live with them honourably”
“And they (women) have rights (over their husbands as regards living expenses) similar (to those of their husbands) over them (as regards obedience and respect) to what is reasonable”
Our beloved Prophet SallALLAHU Alayhe Wasallam was married to Hazrat Khadija Radi ALLAHU Anha at the age of 40 years. In the last thirteen years of His life, He married to different women, all of them were widows and old expect the one. There was the wisdom behind the act of His marriages. The Prophet SallALLAHU Alayhe Wasallam had immense love for His first wife, Hazrat Khadija Radi ALLAHU Anha and that love never diminished even having the other wives.
Hazrat Aisha Radi ALLAHU Anha says,
“I did not feel jealous of any of the wives of the Prophet as much as I did of Khadījah…because the Prophet used to (remember and) mention her very often. And whenever he slaughtered a sheep, he would send (the choicest parts) to Khadijah’s friends. When I sometimes said to him, ‘It appears that Khadijah was the only woman in the world,’ the Prophet would say, Khadijah was such-and-such, and from her I had children.”
Women and Dowry in Islam
Dower (Mehr) is an obligation imposed by ALLAH and His Prophet SallALLAHU Alayhe Wasallam on husband to her wife while entering into a marriage contract. Dower is a legal right of a wife in the form of a gift. It is a token of respect and honor on behalf of the husband towards her wife to secure her future. In Islamic jurisprudence, Dower is an obligatory part of a Nikah whether it is written in the marriage contract or not and it may be fixed either before entering into marriage contract or after the marriage. It may either be in verbal or in a written form. The amount of dower may increase anytime after the marriage. All depends on the will of women but in a Halal way.
The following verses of Holy Qur’an describes the importance of dowry in Islam,
“And give the women, their dowries with a good heart.
[ ‘Al-Nisaa’ 4:4]
“So for that pleasure which you have enjoyed from them, give them their prescribed compensation.. ”
“All others have been made lawful for you, provided you seek (them in marriage) with your property”
[ ‘Al-Nisaa’ 4:24]
There is no maximum limit of amount of dower prescribed in Islam. However, the minimum amount of dower can be 10 Dirhams (equivalent to repective country’s currency). The dower may either in the form of cash or kind, fixed by the mutual consultation of both the parties getting married or their guardians.
ALLAH Subhanahu Wata’ala says,
“But if you intend to replace a wife by another and you have given one of them a cantar (of gold, i.e., a great amount) as mahr, take not the least bit of it back; would you take it wrongfully without a right and (with) a manifest sin? And how could you take it (back) when you have gone in unto each other, and they have taken from you a firm and strong covenant?”
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Certain Types of Dower in Islam
- Specified dower
- Unspecified dower or Proper dower
The amount of dower fixed before or at the time of marriage and is payable to the wife at or after Nikah is called Specified Dower. It is also known as Mehr-e-Musamma.
Specified dower is further classified into following types:
1.1) Prompt dower
1.2) Deferred dower
Promt dower becomes due after the completion of marriage contract. A wife may demand prompt dower any time even before the consummation of marriage. The wife may also refuse to live with her husband if he doesn’t pay prompt dower on her demand. If husband has pronounced divorce before the consummation of marriage, then the wife will have to pay back half of the dower to him. It is also known as Mehr-e-Mu’ajjal.
Deferred dower becomes payable at the time of dissolution of marriage either by the death of husband or due to a divorce. It can’t be demanded by wife anytime. It is also known as Mehr-e-Muwajjal.
Unspecified or Proper dower
Proper dower is not specified at or before the time of marriage. The amount of proper dower is fixed depending upon the local prevalent customs, traditions and financial status of the husband and the bride’s father. It is also known as Mehr-e-Mithal.
Rights of Women for Divorce in Islam
When differences between the husband and wife reach to the extent where there is no hope for the compromise between them, then ‘divorce’ is the final step for them to move on. Although, divorce is permissible in Islam, it is neither encouraged nor liked by Our Beloved Prophet SallALLAHU Alayhe Wasallam.
Sunah of Abu-Dawood Hadith 2173 Narrated by Abdullah ibn Umar, The Prophet Mu’hammad SallALLAHU Alayhe Wasallam said:
“Of all the lawful acts the most detestable to ALLAH Ta ‘ala is divorce“.
Both the men and women have the right to initiate divorce if they are unable to coordinate and cooperate with each other being married. The husband can give divorce to her wife by saying this phrase three times , ‘I divorce you’. With this act, the divorce is declared. A man can not re-marry his ex-wife until she married another man and he divorced her, and then she observed a waiting period (Mourn) known as ‘Iddat’. According to Islam, the only difference between the divorce pursued by husband or a wife is that a husband announces the declaration of divorce if he wants to divorce his wife and in the case of a wife, she has to ask her husband to declare a divorce upon her and if he refuses to do so, then she would have to go to the court for the initiation of the divorce proceedings. In most of the cases, the divorced woman shall go back to her parent’s home.
Regarding Iddat (Mourn) period ALLAH Zille Shanahu says,
“And for those who are pregnant (whether they are divorced or their husbands are dead), their ‘Iddah (prescribed period) is until they lay down their burden”
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Women Rights and Children Custody in Islam
The custody of young children is always a right of a woman in Islam. Moreover, she can only provide the best care for her children. No one other than the mother can love her children more than anything. The following Hadith throws a light on child custody:
Abu Hurairah narrates that a woman came to The Prophet Mu’hammad SallALLAHU Alayhe Wasallam and said, “My husband wants to take away from me this child even though he has brought over water for me from the well of Abu ‘Anbah and given me a lot of benefit.” He replied, “Both of you can cast a lot on this.” When the husband heard, he said, “Who will quarrel with me regarding this son of mine?” The Prophet Mu’hammad SallALLAHUAlayhe Wasallam said, “O son! This is your father and this is your mother; grasp the hand of the one you want to hold.” The child grasped the mother’s hand and she took him away.
Sunnan Abu Dawood 2277
ALLAH Zille Shanahu Says in The Holy Qur’an Chapter #2 Surah Baqarah verse #229:
“A divorce is only permissible twice: after that the parties should either hold together on equitable terms or separate with kindness. It is not lawful for you (men) to take bato ck any of your gifts (from your wives) except when both parties fear that they would be unable to keep the limits ordained by ALLAH. If you do indeed fear that they would be unable to keep the limits ordained by ALLAH there is no blame on either of them if she give something for her freedom. These are the limits ordained by ALLAH; so do not transgress them. If any do transgress the limits ordained by ALLAH Such persons wrong (themselves as well as others)”.
Islam protects the rights of both the husband and wife in a very Halal and reasonable proper way.
If a husband intends to divorce his wife, he has no right to take back anything he has given to her wife during the time of their Nikah. If a wife wants to divorce her husband, it’s her liability to return all the gifts and the dower (Mehr) she had received from her husband at the time of their Nikah. And when divorce proceeds, property of husband will be divided as per the terms stated in their marriage contract. While property of wife shall always remain safe. Whatever a woman earns or anything gifted to her before or at the time of her Nikah, that property shall remain under possession and she will only be the sole owner of it until she transfer it with her own choice. This prevent the rights of divorced wives in order to safeguard their interest for their betterment and well being. Divorce should only be intiated unless it is required in a die hard manner depending on their circumstances.
As ALLAH Subhanahu Wata’ala says in Noble Qur’an,
“Then, when they reach the term appointed, either take them back in a good manner or separate from them in a good manner…”
[The Noble Qur’an 65:2]
Women Rights and Khula in Islam
Khula is the right of woman in Islam to seek a divorce from her husband. There is a three month waiting period which is known as ‘Iddat’ or Mourn for women after her divorce. During this time period, women are not allowed to re-marry. The reason behind Iddat time period is to determine whether the woman is pregnant or not, so the real father can be ascertained. If she is pregnant then the waiting period will be upto the birth of the child for ensuring the real entity of the child. This helps in lessigning the corruption too.
Rights of Women Regarding Inheritance in Islam
Prior to the enactment of Islam, women were not entitled for right to inheritance. They were not permitted to share the wealth and other belongings of their respective husbands. The Sunnah of our Beloved Prophet SallALLAHU Alayhe Wasallam following with the commands of ALLAH Ta’ala in The Holy Qur’an provided the detailed method of women’s rights of inheritance.
ALLAH, the Exalted, specified the share for all the relatives in respect of relationship to the deceased person.
As it is stated in Holy Qur’an, “There is a share for men and a share for women from what is left by parents and those nearest related, whether the property is small or large, an obligatory share”.
[Surah Al- Nisa 4:7]
“ALLAH commands you regarding your children’s (inheritance): to the male, a portion equal to that of two females; if (there are) only daughters, two or more, their share is two-thirds of the inheritance; if only one, her share is a half. For parents, a sixth share of inheritance to each if the deceased left children; if no children, and the parents are the (only) heirs, the mother has a third; if the deceased left brothers (or sisters), the mother has a sixth. (The distribution in all cases is) after the payment of legacies he may have bequeathed or debts. You know not which of them, whether your parents or your children, are nearest to you in benefit; (these fixed shares) are ordained by God. And God is Ever All-Knower, All-Wise”.
[ Surah al-Nisa 4:11]
In short these Qur’anic Verses can be summarized as:
- Firstly, the debts and the legacies should be paid from the estate of the deceased person before the division of the relevant estate among the heirs.
- A son receives double to the share of the daughter.
- If the deceased children are females only, they will receive 2/3rd of the estate divided equally among them and if there are no residual heirs, the leftover estate would also be returned to them.
- If the deceased person has one daughter only, she will receive half the estate and if there are no residual heirs, the leftover estate would also be returned to her.
- If there are children, parents would receive 1/6th of the estate each.
- If the deceased person has no children, but siblings behind him (maternal or paternal), the mother would receive 1/6th of the estate.
- If the deceased person has neither children and nor any siblings, the mother would receive 1/3rd of the estate.
Human is Mentioned Weak in Islam
Man, a weak creature defined in The Holy Qur’an:
“And the man was created weak”.
Lovely Mothers of Our Beloved Prophet Mu’hammad
The human being who has played a brightest role and came up with successful technological advancements throwing the light of divine guidance only came from the woman, Hazrat Aminah bint Wahb. Though, Our Beloved Prophet had lost His mother when He was six years old, ALLAH gave him four foster mothers, they are:
Thuaiba (May ALLAH be Pleased with Her), the maid servant of his uncle Abu Lahab, who was the first one to have the honor of breast-feeding the Prophet . The Prophet liked her so much and was grateful to her and her children till she died in the seventh year after Hijra.
The second mother was Halimah Al-Sadiah (May ALLAH be Pleased with Her), among one of the most famous wet-nurses in the Arabian Peninsula at that time. She came to Makkah to make her living through breast-feeding. Whereas, she did not find any child except for Mu’hammad
The third mother was Barakah Bint Tha’labah, commonly known as Umm Ayman also, who took care of the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) immediately after the death of His mother. Umm Ayman was a slave and our Beloved Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) set her free.
Fatimah Bin te Asad, the fourth mother (May ALLAH be Pleased with Her) his uncle, wife of Abu Talib, and the mother of Ali Ibn Abi Talib (May ALLAH Be Pleased with Him) also acted as His foster mother after the death of the Prophet’ grandfather when the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) came to live with his uncle. Fatimah Bin te Asad noticed something strange: whenever her children gathered to eat, they never felt full except when Mu’hammad (Peace Be Upon Him) had eaten with them.
The Holy Qur’an has always shown us the righteous path to follow. It has been also mentioned in this Holy Book of ALLAH Azzawajal that human being possesses the qualities to bear the burden of trust and responsibilities. They have been gifted with a rare and fantastic intellectual power. The possibilities of thoughtfulness and imaginations. Moreover turning them into realities. Once you analyze the developmental measures of modern societies through intellectual power of it’s people. An awareness will suddenly flourish ahead of us to let us know what role ‘women’ played in these immense developmental phases of civilizations of humankind. The humans who have grown bigger and bigger with their vice-versa shrinking size. Islam is always the religion who has shown love and respect to the women. They are being treated with care more than a man.
In The Holy Qur’an Chapter #2 Al Baqarah Verse #228
“And for women are rights over men similar to those of men over women.”
The humans are the noblest creature on the planet earth till now. This is why for centuries he has knwown as Ashraf-ul-Ma’khluqaat. He is weak, though he strived, civilization grew, new innovations adopted. The status of women has also aroused. Regardless of their class, gender and education. Muslim women have always been a part of history throughout the Islamic civilization on the globe. Women have been found in a mosaic of wide variety of cultures not even in Muslim nations but also in western counties confronting the challenges and opportunities of the twenty first century. Muslim woman are the ideal examples of rationality, faith, and high nobility. Naseeba al-Maziniyya used to participate in the holy campaigns of the Prophet with her child son. Once, during one of the battles, her son desired to flee, whereas she attacked him saying: “Son, do you want to leave ALLAH and His Messenger?” Therefore, her son was back to the battle. Further, in this very same battle a man attacked her son and killed him. This scene was hapenning in front of her eyes, she grabbed the sword from her son’s hand and attacked that killer and killed him. Referring to her situation, the Prophet addressed to her: “ALLAH bless you, Naseeba.”
This lady used to stop in front of the Prophet so as to protect him. Because of that, she was injured heavily.
(Quoted from Safinat ul-Bihar; Vol. 2 Page 585).