Surah Nasr

Surah Nasr in full it is Surah An-Nasr that is the 110th surah of The Noble Quran. Revealed in Madina for this it is known as Madnee. A short Surah with 3 verses. Surah Nasr is also known as Surah At-Tawdi covered next.

Surah Nasr in English Tafseer+Benefits in Detail

Surah Nasr in English Tafseer

Surah Nasr in English Tafseer

Meaning

‘Nasr’ literally means help. A divine help from God. Because ALLAH imparted the help to conquest the Makkah.

The meaning of Suran An-Nasr is ‘the victory’ or ‘an aid’. The aid the ALLAH Subhanahu Wata ‘Ala granted to people who accepted the religion of Prophet Mu’hammad sallALLAHu ‘Alayhe Wasallam. This incident took a massive form: a crowd in a very large number.

This is all they acquire from the help of ALLAH, the victory, and people’s acceptance en masse of HIS religion.

When the time for the people to enter Islam in one’s and two’s comes to an end, and when whole tribes and people belonging to large tracts start entering it in crowds, of their own free will, and without offering battle or resistance. You will love to read→ What is Alhamdulillah?

The Virtue & Benefit of Surah An-Nasr

Surat An-Nasr is equivalent to one-fourth (1/4) of the Quran۔ Therefore, you can earn immense virtue and benefits by reciting this Surah at least only once.

Characteristics & Purpose of Revelations

This Surah refers to the victory of Islam. Muslims had a win over others including the enemies.

The other name of Surah Nasr is Surah At-Tawdi. Tawdi word literally means ‘to bid a farewell’. Farewell here refers to the departure of Prophet sallALLAHu ‘Alayhe Wasallam from this world.

According to Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar Radi ALLAHu ‘Anhu, this Surah was sent down on the occasion of the Farewell Pilgrimage in the middle of the Tashriq (the next 3 days after Eid-ul-Azha) Days at Mina.

Surah An-Nasr was the last Surah that was revealed to the Holy Prophet sallALLAHu ‘Alayhe Wasallam in the entirety. No complete Surah was revealed after this Surah. You will love to read→YarhamukALLAH Meaning

Being more specific. Surah An-Nasr was the only last surah that revealed completely in one go. Surah Fatihah was the very first.

Every Muslim should learn the reasons for the revelations of all the Surah. The circumstances during which these Surah revealed. If you are eager to learn the Quran. You must start learning the translations of every Surah one-by-one. Focus on the line by line transliteration and translation (according to Saheeh Internation) of Surah An-Nasr.

Letters that are dim are silent.

Translation of Surah Nasr

إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ

Iza jaa-a nasru-Allahi wa-alfat-hu

When the victory of ALLAH has come and the conquest,

وَرَأَيْتَ النَّاسَ يَدْخُلُونَ فِي دِينِ اللَّهِ أَفْوَاجًا

Wara-ayta alnnasa yadkhuloona fee deeni Allahi afwaajan

And you see the people entering into the religion of ALLAH in multitudes,

فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَاسْتَغْفِرْهُ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ تَوَّابًا

Fasabbih bi’hamdi rabbika wa-istaghfirhu innahu kaana tawwaban

Then exalt [Him] with praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness of Him. Indeed, He is ever Accepting of repentance.

Verse #1 Iza jaa-a nasru-Allahi wa-alfat-hu

(When there comes ALLAH’s help and the victory). The expression ‘victory’ here is in reference to ‘the promised Victory or Conquest of Makkah’. Must read→ Dua for Difficult Times

Purpose of The Revelation of Surah An-Nasr

In the moment of triumph, as the conquest of Makkah was accomplished, Prophet sallALLAHu ‘Alayhe Wasallam entered the city on the back of his camel with his head bowed low. He forgot the joy of victory and thankfully bowed his head seeking his Lord’s forgiveness, even though he had just conquered Makkah.

Thus, upon faith in God, was that great generation of humanity raised very high, reaching an unparalleled standard of greatness, power, and freedom. Also, read→ La Ilaha Illallah Muhammadur Rasulullah

Various other Prophetic Traditions and statements of the Companions of Prophet Mu’hammad sallALLAHu ‘Alayhe Wasallam narrate that this Surah has shown the signs that the Holy Prophet sallALLAHu ‘Alayhe Wasallam has fulfilled his task and accomplished his mission of life, and he could look forward to returning to his Lord in full favor as his death was approaching fast.

Surah An-Nasr has educated Holy Prophet sallALLAHu ‘Alayhe Wasallam the lovely etiquettes of asking The forgiveness of ALLAH, admiring and thanking consistently.

The Meaning of the words of this Surah

Iza- When

Ja-a- comes

Nasru- (the) help

ALLAHi- (of) ALLAH

wal-fat-hu- and the victory

wara-ayta- and you see

l-naasa- the people

yadkhuloona- entering

Fee- into

Deeni- the religion

l-laahi- (of) ALLAH

afwaajan– (in) multitudes

fasabbih- then glorify

bi’hamdi- with (the) praise

rabbika- of your Lord

wa-istaghfirhu- and ask HIS forgiveness

innahu- Indeed, HE

kaana- is

tawwaaba- Oft-returning

The last Arabic word ‘tawwaaba’ is one of the lovely names of ALLAH Subhanahu Wata ‘Ala that is ‘At-Tawwaab’ means The Acceptor of Repentance, The Oft-returning, The Acceptor of our Return. HE is the One who forgives the sins of those who repent. ALLAH turns to every person who turns to HIM sincerely, by assisting them to repent, and by directing their heart towards HIM.

Also, read→ Dua for Wearing New Clothes

Much Awaited Event

The duty of the Prophet sallALLAHu ‘Alayhe Wasallam and his Companions whom God chose and gave the privilege of being the instruments of victory for HIS cause, was to turn to HIM at the climax of victory in praise, expressing gratitude and seeking forgiveness.

Gratitude and praise are for HIS being so generous as to have chosen them to be the standard-bearers of HIS religion; for the mercy and favor HE did to all humanity by making HIS religion victorious and for the conquest of Makkah and people’s collective acceptance of Islam.

Narrated Aisha Radi ALLAHu ‘Anhu:

“When the “Surat-An-Nasr”, ‘When comes the Help of ALLAH and the conquest,’ had been revealed to the Prophet ﷺ he did not offer any prayer except that he said therein,

“Subhanka Rabbana wa bihamdika; Allahumma ighfirli (I testify the Uniqueness of our Lord, and all the praises are for Him: O ALLAH, forgive me!”)

Saheeh Al-Bukhari 4967

It was narrated that ‘Aishah R.A. said:

“The Messenger of ALLAH ﷺ often used to say when bowing and prostrating:

‘Subhanak Allahumma wa bi hamdika, Allahummaghfir li (Glory be to You, O Allah, and praise; O Allah forgive me),’ following the command given by the Qur’an.”[Surat An-Nasr (110)]

Sunan Ibn Majah | Volume 1, Book 5, Hadith 889 | Grade : Saheeh Darussalam

The Last Moments of Prophet sallALLAHu ‘Alayhe Wasallam

The climax of victory in praise, expressing gratitude, and seeking forgiveness.

Seek God’s forgiveness for one’s shortcomings in praising God and thanking Him for His infinite favors which are granted at all times. “If you were to count God’s favors, never will you be able to number them.” (16: 18).

ALLAH in this command has taught Muslims an eternal lesson:

“Do not regard any of your worship, devotion, or religious service as something superb; doesn’t matter even if you have expended your entire life in the cause of ALLAH.

Then bowing humbly before your Lord, you should praise and glorify Him, and should repent and beg for His forgiveness instead of boasting and bragging of your success and victory.”

This is exactly what Prophet ﷺ did.

When events took place in this fashion the Prophet sallALLAHu ‘Alayhe Wasallam knew that his life would soon come to a close.

The victorious leader is made to realize that it is ALLAH who has appointed him. A man who has no power of his own and who is devoid of any strength, for a predetermined purpose; consequently the triumph and the conquest, as well as the religion, are all HIS, and to HIM all things ultimately return.

Ibn Abbas says that when this Surah was revealed, the Holy Prophet said that he had been informed of his death and his time had approached.

Musnad Ahmad, Ibn Jarir, Ibn al-Mundhir, Ibn Marduyah

In the other traditions related from Hadrat Abdullah bin Abbas, it has been stated that at the revelation of this Surah the Holy Prophet understood that he had been informed of his departure from the world.

Musnad Ahmad, Ibn Jarir, Tabarani, Nasai, Ibn Abi Hatim, Ibn Marduyah

The Mother of the Believers, Hazrat Umm Habibah, says that when this Surah was revealed the Holy Prophet said that he would leave the world that year. Hearing this Hadrat Fatimah wept.

Thereat he said:

“From among my family you will be the first to join me.”

Hearing this she laughed.

Ibn Abi Hatim, Ibn Marduyah

Hadrat Umar Radi ALLAHu ‘Anhu submitted that the last hour of Messenger of ALLAH ﷺ has come.

Ibn Abbas has stated that after the revelation of this Surah the Messenger ﷺ began to labor so intensively and devotedly hard for the Hereafter as he had never done before.

Read more→ Sana Subhanaka-Dua to Begin Salat

Hazrat Aishah Radi ALLAHu ‘Anha has reported that the Holy Prophet sallALLAHu ‘Alayhe Wasallam often recited the following words in his ruku and sajdah:

Subhanak-ALLAHumma wa-bi hamdika, ALLAHumma- aghfirli.

This was the interpretation of the Quran (i. e. of Surah An-Nasr) that he had made.

Bukhari, Muslim Abu Daud, Nasai, Ibn Majah, Ibn Jarir

Al-Bukhari recorded from Ibn ‘Abbas that he said,

“Umar used to bring me into the gatherings with the old men of (the bat t le of ) Badr. However, it was as if one of them felt something in himself (against my attending).

So he said,

Why do you (‘Umar) bring this (youth) to sit with us when we have children like him (i.e., his age)’

So ‘Umar replied,

‘Verily, he is among those whom you know. Then one day he called them and invited me to sit with them, and I do not think that he invited me to be among them that day except to show them.

So he said,

What do you say about ALLAH saying,

إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ

(When there comes the help of ALLAH and the Conquest.)’

Some of them said,

‘We were commanded to praise Allah and seek His forgiveness when He helps us and gives us victory.’ Some of them remained silent and did not say anything.

Then he (Umar) said to me,

‘Is this what you say, O Ibn ‘Abbas’ I said, ‘No.’

He then said, ‘What do you say’ I said,’

It was the end of the life of ALLAH’s Messenger that ALLAH was informing him of. ALLAH said,

إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ

(When there comes the help of ALLAH and the Conquest.) which means, that is a sign of the end of your life.

فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَاسْتَغْفِرْهُ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ تَوَّابًا

(So, glorify the praises of your Lord, and ask His forgiveness. Verily, He is the One Who accepts the repentance and Who forgives. )’

So, ` Umar bin Al-Khattab said,

` I do not know anything about it other than what you have said. ”’

Al-Bukhari was alone in recording this Hadith.

Imam Ahmad recorded from Ibn ` Abbas that he said, “When

إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ

(When there comes the help of ALLAH and the Conquest. ) was revealed, the Messenger of ALLAH said,

«نُعِيَتْ إِلَيَّ نَفْسِي»

(My death has been announced to me. ) And indeed he died during that year.”

Ahmad was alone in recording this Hadith.

Al-Bukhari recorded that ` A’ishah said, “The Messenger of ALLAH used to say often in his bowing and prostrating,

«سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَبِحَمْدِكَ اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي»

(Glory to You, O ALLAH, our Lord, and praise be to You. O ALLAH, forgive me. ) He did this as his interpretation of the Qur’an (i.e., showing its implementation). ” The rest of the group has also recorded this Hadith except for At -Tirmidhi. Imam Ahmad recorded from Masruq that `

A’ishah said,

“The Messenger of ALLAH used to often say towards the end of his life,

«سُبْحَانَ اللهِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ، أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْه»

(Glory to ALLAH, and praise be unto Him. I seek ALLAH’s forgiveness and I repent to Him. ) And he said,

:إِنَّ رَبِّي كَانَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَنِّي سَأَرَى عَلَامَةً فِي أُمَّتِي، وَأَمَرَنِي إِذَا رَأَيْتُهَا أَنْ أُسَبِّحَ بِحَمْدِهِ وَأَسْتَغْفِرَهُ، إِنَّهُ كَانَ تَوَّابًا، فَقَدْ رَأَيْتُهَا»

«(إِذَا جَآءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ – وَرَأَيْتَ النَّاسَ يَدْخُلُونَ فِى دِينِ اللَّهِ أَفْوَجاً – فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَاسْتَغْفِرْهُ إِنَّهُ كَانَ تَوِبَا)

(Verily, my Lord has informed me that I will see a sign in my Ummah and He has commanded me that when I see it, I should glorify His praises and seek His forgiveness, for He is the One Who accepts repentance. And indeed I have seen it (i.e., the sign). (When there comes the help of ALLAH and the Conquest (Al-Fath). And you see that the people enter ALLAH’s religion in crowds. So glorify the praises of your Lord, and ask His forgiveness. Verily, He is the One Who accepts the repentance and Who forgives.))”

Muslim also recorded this Hadith.

The meaning of Al-Fath here is the conquest of Makkah, and there is only one view concerning it. For indeed the different areas of the Arabs were waiting for the conquest of Makkah before they would accept Islam.

They said, “If he (Muhammad is victorious over his people, then he is a (true) Prophet.” So when ALLAH gave him victory over Makkah, they entered into the religion of ALLAH (Islam) in crowds. Thus, two years did not pass (after the conquest of Makkah) before the peninsula of the Arabs was laden with faith. And there did not remain any of the tribes of the Arabs except that they professed (their acceptance) of Islam. And all praise and blessings are due to ALLAH.

Al-Bukhari recorded in his Sahih that

`Amr bin Salamah said,

“When Makkah was conquered, all of the people rushed to the Messenger of ALLAH to profess their Islam. The various regions were delaying their acceptance of Islam until Makkah was conquered. The people used to say, `Leave him and his people alone. If he is victorious over them he is a (true) Prophet.”’ We have researched the war expedition for conquest of Makkah in our book As-Surah. Therefore, whoever wishes he may review it there. And all praise and blessings are due to ALLAH.

Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu `Ammar that a neighbor of Jabir bin `Abdullah told him, “I returned from a journey and Jabir bin `Abdullah came and greeted me. So I began to talk with him about the divisions among the people and what they had started doing. Thus, Jabir began to cry and he said, `I heard the Messenger of ALLAH saying,

«إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا»

(Verily, the people have entered into the religion of ALLAH in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds.)”

All praise and blessings are due to ALLAH.

So it is possible that The Messenger of ALLAH sallALLAHu ‘Alayhe Wasallam, having witnessed his Lord’s sign, realized that he had fulfilled his mission in this life. And that it was time for him to depart from the world, which was what Ibn Abbas actually meant.

فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَاسْتَغْفِرْهُ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ تَوَّابًا

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6 Comments

  1. Princess khan on said:

    Hone wale Hamare sasur ko brainhamraj howa h wo behosh h .kuch dua btaye aur kijiye dua .aur hosh me lane aur bemari khatam karne ka koi dua ilaj islami btaye pls imran bhai

  2. Eisha on said:

    Aslamualaikum bhai main kabh se dua to get married immediately kr rhy hun abh sath main jo apne muje pehle surah qariah wala wazifa btya tha maine wo bhi phir se shuru kiya hai aur sath love marriage se bandish hatm krne wala shuru kiya hy aur make someone obey on you wala b par bhai wo mujse rabta taak nahi kr rhe main chahti at least wo mujse rabta to kare muje dreams bhi positive ah rahe han unko leke jabse bandish wala wazifa shuru kiya hai par wo rabta nahi kar rhe bhai main kya karun please mere liye dua kren k ALLAH muje meri mohabbat se isi sal mila drn hmari at least engagement ho jaye isi saal ke end hone taak PLEASE bhai meri liye du karna

    • Na ummeed na hon balki bahut yaqeen ke sath apne wazaif jari rakhen aur dua karte rahen sis.

Apne sawal yahan puchiye!